The manufacturer of a product owes to consumers a duty to take reasonable care that the product is free from defects.
Parliament has since passed the Consumer Protection Act 1987, which imposes strict liability for harm caused by defective products. Where a claimant is able to rely on the statute, there is no longer a need to rely on the tort of negligence. It is only in cases where the claim falls outside liability under the statute that a person will need to rely on the tort of negligence.
Donoghue v Stevenson 
The birth of the tort of negligence. This case began the shift from pockets of liability to a general duty to take reasonable care…